I offer this gift to my God, I dedicate this gift to Him. For the latter reputation, we may refer to the numerous quotations in Greek medieval rhetorical handbooks and treatises. Please login to your account first; Need help? He is widely quoted by Eastern Orthodox theologians and highly regarded as a defender of the Christian faith. :21 Gregory was also a very prolific poet who wrote theological, moral, and biographical poems. St. Gregory the Theologian was born in 328 AD in the village Ariangue near the town Naziangue, of Cappadocia. xxiii. :18 His parents, Gregory and Nonna, were wealthy land-owners. Basil's Bread - Vasilopita took place in our parish family. , By this time Emperor Julian had publicly declared himself in opposition to Christianity.  and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America commemorates Gregory of Nazianzus together with his friends Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa on 14 June. He strongly opposed Arianism and helped prevent an Arian schism in the diocese. The Oration, as all critics are agreed, is one of great power and beauty. Gregory would later refer to his episcopal ordination as forced upon him by his strong-willed father and Basil. This volume contains the work of two impressive theologians--St. Gregory of Nazianzus and St. Cyril of Jerusalem. He died about 25 January 390, although the exact date of his death is unknown. Read 50 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. :42 After much hesitation, Gregory agreed. Donating most of his inheritance to the needy, he lived an austere existence. N. Dumitraşcu. " He shocked the Council with his surprise resignation and then delivered a dramatic speech to Theodosius asking to be released from his offices. Would a monastic life be more appropriate than public ministry? , Gregory's homilies were well received and attracted ever-growing crowds to Anastasia. He and Basil compiled an anthology, called the Philokalia, of the works of the great (but somewhat erratic) Alexandrian theologian, philosopher, and scholar of the previous century, Origen. Norris, "Of Thorns and Roses: The Logic of Belief in Gregory of Nazianzen,", F.W. and Francis Young, "Procession(s)" in. Vasiliki Limberis, . [Brian E Daley; Gregory, of Nazianzus Saint. In this tense environment, Gregory interceded on behalf of his friend Basil with Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea (Mazaca). During the next six years, he wrote poetry. Gregory of Nazianzus (greek: Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos), also called Gregory the Theologian, (born 329 AD - died 390 AD) was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian.He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age.. :190–5 Basil created this see in order to strengthen his position in his dispute with Anthimus, bishop of Tyana. :199 This strained his relationship with Basil, who insisted that Gregory resume his post at Sasima. In this regard, Gregory is the first to use the idea of procession to describe the relationship between the Spirit and the Godhead: "The Holy Spirit is truly Spirit, coming forth from the Father indeed but not after the manner of the Son, for it is not by generation but by procession, since I m…  He may have been baptized there, or shortly after his return to Cappadocia. Welcome back. :50 By the end of 383 he found his health too feeble to cope with episcopal duties. , Gregory's great nephew Nichobulos served as his literary executor, preserving and editing many of his writings. The second series focuses on a variety of important Church Fathers, ranging from the fourth century to the eighth century. :138–42 The two friends then entered a period of close fraternal cooperation as they participated in a great rhetorical contest of the Caesarean church precipitated by the arrival of accomplished Arian theologians and rhetors. : Gregory of Nazianzus on the Logos' Assumption of Human Nature,", K. Skurat, "St. Gregory of Nazianzus on Philosophy and Knowledge of God,", Steven Peter Tsichlis, "The Nature of Theology in the Theological Orations of St. Gregory Nazianzus,", Raymond Van Dam, "Self-Representation in the Will of Gregory of Nazianzus,", Kenneth Paul Wesche, "The Union of God and Man in Jesus Christ in the Thought of Gregory of Nazianzus,", Donald F. Winslow, "Gregory of Nazianzus and Love for the Poor,", This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 14:18. St. Gregory of Nazianzus, (born c. 330, Arianzus, near Nazianzus, in Cappadocia, Asia Minor [now in Turkey]—died c. 389, Arianzus; Eastern feast day January 25 and 30; Western feast day January 2), 4th-century Church Father whose defense of the doctrine of the Trinity (God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) made him one of the greatest champions of orthodoxy … 119-137. :45, Theodosius wanted to further unify the entire empire behind the orthodox position and decided to convene a church council to resolve matters of faith and discipline. Gregory of Nazianzus is the fourth book in a series on the church fathers edited by Hans Boersma and Matthew Levering. File: EPUB, 222 KB. Gregory of Nazianzus, the most ‘literary’ Greek father of the church, is known in the Byzantine tradition both as ‘the Theologian’ and as the ‘Christian Demosthenes’.  The book VIII of the Greek Anthology contains exclusively 254 epigrams of his. The reception of Sappho's poetry through the past 70 years has been extremely positive, with poets, scholars, publishers, and cultural figures bringing renewed and sustained attention to this ancient poet, for whom so little is known. Saints in heaven, friends on earth, both were proclaimed doctors of the Church in 1568 by Saint Pius V: because they shared their lives in Christ, the Church remembers on the same day Saint Basil the Great (c. 329-379) and Saint Gregory of Nazianzus (c. 329-390), who belong to the group of «Cappadocian Fathers», also including Basil's own brother, Saint Gregory of Nyssa. Theological Studies. Gregory of Nyssa (ca 334-9 MAR 395), Bishop and author. :54, Gregory's most significant theological contributions arose from his defense of the doctrine of the Trinity. Gregory retired here to spend his days as a hermit.  Gregory of Nazianzus was the patron saint of medieval Bosnia before the Catholic conquest when he was replaced by Gregory the Great.. Gregory’s Orations. His orations were cited as authoritative by the First Council of Ephesus in 431. :43 Shocked, Gregory decided to resign his office, but the faction faithful to him induced him to stay and ejected Maximus. We encounter Gregory of Nazianzus as an earthen vessel filled with treasures of grace, prone to being overwhelmed by frustration with ecclesial politics but dedicated to a transformative union with God and other human beings that is motivated and informed by scriptural contemplation. Noble, "Gregory Nazianzen's Use of Scripture in Defence of the Deity of the Spirit,", F.W. This process as described by Gregory is the public manifestation of the process of deification (theosis), which leads to a spiritual elevation and mystical union with God. McLynn, "The Other Olympias: Gregory of Nazianzen and the Family of Vitalianus,", Ruth Majercik, "A Reminiscence of the Chaldean Oracles at Gregory of Nazianzus, Or. Despite Gregory's reference to archaic musical instruments like the lute, his argument is more relevant to our age. Additional Information. Although Gregory's health did not permit him to attend the funeral, he wrote a heartfelt letter of condolence to Basil's brother, Gregory of Nyssa, and composed twelve memorial poems dedicated to the memory of his departed friend. Gregory of Nazianzus (329-390 CE), "the Theologian," is the premier teacher on the Holy Trinity in Eastern Christian tradition, yet for over a century historians and theologians have largely neglected his work.  The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod commemorates Gregory, along with Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa (the Cappadocian Fathers) on 10 January. Skip to content Word of Wisdom; Newsletter . :xi By 400, Rufinius began translating his orations into Latin. 30-600: Manuscripts, Church Slavic: Apologetics--Early works to 1800--Manuscripts Jump to navigation Jump to search. At first he studied in Caesarea of Palestine, then in Alexandria, and finally in Athens. Gregory of Nazianzus portrays a vivid picture of a fascinating character of vital importance who deserves to be regarded as the first true Christian humanist. The relics are now enshrined in the Patriarchal Cathedral of St. George in the Fanar. 30.17),", F.W. Language: english.  He would receive occasional visits from intimate friends, as well as visits from strangers who were attracted to his retreat by his large reputation for sanctity and learning. Was it better to blaze his own path or follow the course mapped for him by his father and Basil? 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