percentage of essential workers

’. Contract negotiations for these workers often drag on for years. Ideally, these paradoxes would challenge the low value associated with the work that women—especially women of color—do in caring for children, the elderly, the sick, and others in need. Ideally, these paradoxes would challenge the low value associated with the work that women—especially women of color—do in caring for children, the elderly, the sick, and others in need. In my recent CNN opinion piece, Color of Covid: the racial justice paradox of our new stay-at-home economy, I coined the term “Color of Covid” to reveal how the COVID-19 pandemic lays bare underlying structural inequalities facing communities of color. Working from home is a privilege that they simply don’t have.” She describes how the COVID-19 outbreak is acting as a “great revealer,” bringing to light systemic inequalities that have plagued minoritized and working-class communities for centuries. The United States also suffers from a pandemic of failed leadership and a pandemic of poverty. To take on this urgent poverty pandemic—inside the health pandemic—lawmakers must address the structural and racial inequalities embedded in both the health and financial crises, which are ultimately at the root of the protests we are witnessing on the streets in the United States and around the world. Workers in frontline industries are disproportionately women. One in every three jobs held by women has been deemed essential, and women of color are more likely to have essential jobs. In an interview with WBUR, Betancourt mentioned that the outsized effect Chelsea is experiencing could be due to a number of factors, including increased rates of cohabitation and high proportions of residents working in jobs “where social distancing is not possible.”. It listed scores of jobs, suggesting they were too vital to be halted even as cities and whole states were on lockdown. ‘Start developing a politics of inclusion that better supports all of us’ They are putting other nurses’ lives at risk. Almost six in ten American knowledge workers are working remotely as of March 19, and the percentage is likely to go up. We must record the race and ethnicity of those receiving tests and treatment for COVID-19, so as to better understand how the virus affects different communities differently. We must ensure that our first responders—including not just EMTs and other healthcare personnel, but also grocery store employees, delivery workers, and public transit operators—have the personal protective equipment (PPE) they need, and have priority access to testing. Relatedly, the federal government must support state and local governments, who have shouldered the burden of responding to the deadly coronavirus despite the seemingly inept response of the Trump administration. protections for workers and prison populations, housing and student debt assistance, and provision of paid sick leave. Smartphone location data further suggests that residents of the richest neighborhoods fled the city—to vacation homes and elsewhere. ©2020 Council on Foreign Relations. Beyond, imilar proposals are under consideration in the. Essential workers share their coronavirus pandemic stories. The stakes have seldom been higher to get it right on equity. Ironically, a major cause of their increased hardship is the irreplaceable role they play in supporting the continued functioning of all of society, by working essential service jobs. According to the United Domestic Workers of America (UDW), a union representing house cleaners and in-home child care providers, the average hourly pay in California is $13.43, and only 9 percent of workers get employee-sponsored health care. A woman looks into the camera during a demonstration to protest the shooting of Michael Brown and the resulting police response to protests in Ferguson, Missouri August 15, 2014. And Democratic politicians in the United States should be alert. Figure 3 shows the percent of workers in California employed in front-line essential jobs broken down by race/ethnicity. Further, proposals for an essential worker's “bill of rights” should be backed. Fortunately, a crucial piece of legislation is currently being debated in Congress—one that would help millions of Americans in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and an economic crisis that is worse than anything the country has experienced since the Great Depression. The United States also suffers from a, unemployment claims have been filed since early March, Women of color sit at the intersection of race, gender, and economic disparities. Overall, the rate of low-wage work among front-line essential jobs (39 percent) is higher than for California as a whole (32 percent). The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions. Last week, the ACLU of Massachusetts called on the state Department of Public Health to center equity in its response to the crisis. It is time we stop treating essential workers and the unemployed as “disposable” people and start developing a politics of inclusion that better supports all of us—regardless of race, gender, and class. Latino workers largely affected by COVID-19 as essential jobs expose them to risk Many Latinos work in construction or in the service industry, making them unable to work from home. COVID-19 Cases Concentrated in Boston’s Black & Brown Neighborhoods. Only 16.2% of Hispanic workers and 19.7% of black workers can telework. At the same time, while the 2008 recession was referred to as a “, .” A majority of American jobs lost in April, —in leisure, hospitality, education, and some parts of our health care industry—, were held by women, with Black and Latinx women. distance learning for three school-age children at home, while assisting with the national response to the pandemic in Congress. Single parents often depend on extended networks—including grandparents—but are cut off from these circles of support during the pandemic. ‘Redistributing wealth on a massive scale, with initial bailouts favoring airlines and other corporations’. As Claire Cain Miller—who reports on gender and the future of work—noted recently, now that women are spending more time on child care chores because of the pandemic, "the repercussions could worsen.". The race and gender justice paradoxes of our emerging stay-at-home economy scramble our assumptions about the future of work. We defined “essential” occupations to include the following: COVID-essential workers are most concentrated in Dorchester, Roxbury, and East Boston – the same neighborhoods where the virus is present at its highest rates. Claim: if this virus is so deadly why aren't we seeing essential workers dying at an alarming rate For single moms, who are disproportionately Black and Brown, balancing work and parenting responsibilities at home is even more challenging. Sure, Senate Republicans did say … This translates to a rate of about 79 cases per 10,000 residents – over four times higher than the rate in neighboring Boston of 18 cases per 10,000 residents, as reported by the BPHC. To have a chance at winning the upcoming election as the opposition party, they will need to ensure that the concerns of women of color are placed at the center of the ongoing response to this crisis. A similar duality has played out along gender lines. As New York Times contributor, Roxanne Gay wrote recently, doctors may soon develop a coronavirus vaccine, Black people "will continue to wait for a cure for racism.”. to have essential jobs. Figure A. While the federal stimulus package passed by Congress in March is a start, it does not go far enough to establish the comprehensive social and economic protections – or the robust data collection practices – required to support vulnerable communities across Massachusetts today. Within this new ecosystem, a “racial justice paradox” has emerged: Blacks and Latinxs are more likely to be unemployed due to the impacts of the pandemic on the labor market, but they are also overrepresented among essential workers who must stay in their jobs, particularly lower-skilled positions, where they are at greater risk of exposure to the virus. The disproportionate time women typically invest in child care is a primary reason for the gender pay gap and “mommy track” phenomenon. Women make up the majority of essential workers in health care (76%) and government and community-based services (73%). emerging stay-at-home economy reveals a two-tiered society: “non-essential” workers who can work from home, and “essential” workers—. But instead of supporting everyday people—including workers and consumers who are only provided limited, temporary assistance under the recent Families First and CARES Acts—President Donald J. Trump and his allies in Congress have been busy redistributing wealth on a massive scale, with initial bailouts favoring airlines and other corporations, along with proposals to advance immunity from lawsuits for companies. The piece immediately spawned a hashtag, #colorofcovid, followed by a CNN series, “Color of Covid,” hosted by Van Jones and Don Lemon, highlighting a range of inequalities—from health disparities to the spread of the virus in prisons. . Gender inequities make outbreaks worse, so why not integrate gender analysis into the response now to help save lives? Women of color sit at the intersection of race, gender, and economic disparities. A protester wearing a "Black Lives Matter" earring chants marches in Times Square in New York City, during a protest against the death of Stephon Clark in Sacramento, California, on March 28, 2018. Their party depends on the electoral support of Black and Latinx women. An essential employee is a designated employee that is required to work … Native Americans across the country have experienced similar effects: given crowded living conditions in part. ACLU unveils interactive map showing alleged police misconduct in... Massachusetts House passes omnibus policing bill. A majority of those jobs are held by women. As discussed in the CNN essay, our emerging stay-at-home economy reveals a two-tiered society: “non-essential” workers who can work from home, and “essential” workers—not only health care workers and other first responders but also blue-collar workers, such as grocery clerks, delivery workers, bus drivers, mail carriers, and warehouse workers. Nearly 5.8 million people have jobs in health care that pay less than $30,000 a year, half are nonwhite and 83% are women. In fact, the biggest question now is: why aren’t they all? As Claire Cain Miller—who reports on gender and the future of work—noted recently, now that women are spending more time on child care chores because of the pandemic, ", that male academics are finding a writer’s retreat in quarantine—with their academic paper submission up an estimated 50 percent—while female academics are not finding the same writer’s paradise, submitting fewer papers than normal. Who are the people most affected by the Trump administration’s apparent priority of party politics over the public good? As editorial writer Marcela García states in her recent Boston Globe piece about Chelsea, “Not only are these immigrants — mostly Latino, many of them here without legal status — the most economically vulnerable, but a high proportion of them already have limited access to health care and other public support networks. ACLU statement on House Committee on Ways and Means omnibus... Police Violence Happens Here: Week of Action. To have a chance at winning the upcoming election as the opposition party, they will need to ensure that the concerns of women of color are placed at the center of the ongoing response to this crisis. • Workers supporting cannabis retail and dietary supplement retail. In Brooklyn, the number of deaths outpaced those in Queens on Sunday. Originally published on Data for Justice. About one-half of all workers are women, but nearly two-thirds (64.4 percent) of frontline workers are women. This is exactly why the ACLU of Massachusetts and other advocacy organizations are pushing for legislative, executive, and judicial action to protect immigrants and working people. Workers deemed "essential" are also more likely to live below the federal poverty line or hover just above it. In my recent, the term “Color of Covid” to reveal how the COVID-19 pandemic lays bare underlying structural inequalities facing communities of color. Many more live in conditions of economic insecurity. COVID-19 relief proposals that are currently under consideration would extend protections for workers and prison populations, housing and student debt assistance, and provision of paid sick leave. Similarly, the areas with the most COVID-19 cases align with Boston’s communities where people of color make up a majority of the population. In some places in the U.S., including the epicenter of the outbreak where Copeland worked, New York City, black and Latino workers represent an even greater share of the essential workforce. Is hazard pay dead on arrival in the Senate? Every evening in many parts of the country, quarantined residents cheer for essential workers — … Often underpaid and undervalued, women dominate in frontline jobs ranging from “the cashier to the emergency room nurse to the drugstore pharmacist to the home health aide.” While part of an invisible workforce, women keep “the country running” and care for those most in need of assistance. ‘Start developing a politics of inclusion that better supports all of us’. Somewhere between 30 and 50 percent of the meat-packing workforce is made up of undocumented workers from Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador as … As the only single mother in Congress, Porter has eloquently spoken publicly about the challenges of juggling distance learning for three school-age children at home, while assisting with the national response to the pandemic in Congress. In each state, essential workers make up at least 39% of the workforce. Women are particularly overrepresented in the frontline industries of Health Care (76.8 percent of workers) and Child Care and Social Services (85.2 percent). Not necessarily. According to the census data, the Boston neighborhoods most impacted by COVID-19 are co-located with the highest proportions of essential workers in the city. On a normal day, essential workers account for 38 percent of transit commuters in New York City, 33 percent in Seattle, and 36 percent in Miami. This convergence of race and gender disparities challenges our assumptions about the structure of work and reveals the paradoxes of our emerging stay-at-home economy: an economy in which women and people of color make up the majority of both essential workers and the unemployed. Women of color sit at the intersection of race and gender disparities—they should be at the center of policy solutions, What has become clear in this season of pandemic—and protest over police violence—is that the COVID-19 crisis is just the tip of the iceberg. Beyond congressional hearings on protecting workers and consumers, s imilar proposals are under consideration in the New York City Council. More than 42 million unemployment claims have been filed since early March. Catherine Powell is an adjunct senior fellow in the Women and Foreign Policy program at the Council on Foreign Relations and a professor at Fordham University School of Law. Indeed, our analysis of 2018 ACS data shows that in many parts of Chelsea, over 70 percent of the employed population work in occupations that are deemed essential during the on-going crisis: And even within Chelsea, census tracts with the highest proportion of Hispanic or Latinx residents align exactly with the tracts containing the greatest percentage of workers employed in essential jobs. Single parents often depend on extended networks—including grandparents—but are cut off from these circles of support during the pandemic. This convergence of race and gender disparities challenges our, assumptions about the structure of work and. Finally, they claim that the “unique and essential work skills” of non-citizen immigrants and illegal aliens are vital to the COVID-19 economic recovery. Beyond congressional hearings on protecting workers and consumers, similar proposals are under consideration in the New York City Council. General view of George Floyd's memorial site on June 4, 2020 following more than a week of nationwide protests in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Now it is time to talk about what I call the “Gender of Covid” and how this intersects with the “Color of Covid.” The pandemic has had a significant impact on women, especially the participation of Black and Latinx women in the labor market. Women scholars of color face additional obstacles throughout their academic careers, including structural biases and being perceived as “incompetent,” as highlighted in the collection of essays Presumed Incompetent. not only health care workers and other first responders but also blue-collar workers, such as grocery clerks, delivery workers, bus drivers, mail carriers, and warehouse workers. Perez paints a graffiti of a cashier to pay tribute to essential workers during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Gland, Switzerland, April 5, 2020. Further. Along similar lines, George Washington law professor, chose Mother’s Day as an apt window to draw attention to the ways in which COVID-19 calls for a closer look at “the connections across gender, race, and class.”. Areas of the country that might not typically be in the foreground of our economic life are becoming clear centers of essential industries. the impacts of the pandemic on the labor market. Using data from the U.S. Census 2018 American Community Survey (ACS), we mapped the proportion of workers across Boston who are employed in “COVID-essential” occupations. Consider the child care sector—virtually essential to gender equity in the workforce—which is mainly staffed by women, he disproportionate time women typically invest in child care is, for the gender pay gap and “mommy track” phenomenon. As this crisis evolves, more details are coming into focus that shows how already-vulnerable communities are those hardest hit by the virus. frontline essential workers groups following first wave of pandemic in NYC Percent seropositive for SARS -CoV-2 IgG antibody, by occupation among workers in public service agencies — New York City, May –July 2020 A mural warns residents of the danger of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak on the Navajo reservation, in Shiprock, New Mexico, U.S., April 8, 2020. , as the tribal businesses many depend on for income have come to a complete halt. ” and care for those most in need of assistance. Using data from the U.S. Census 2018 American Community Survey (ACS), we mapped the proportion of workers across Boston who are employed in “COVID-essential” occupations. Often underpaid and undervalued, women dominate in frontline jobs ranging from, to the drugstore pharmacist to the home health aide.” While part of an invisible work. the city—to vacation homes and elsewhere. Asian workers are the most likely to be able to work from home, followed by non-Hispanic and white workers. According to research from the Current Populations Survey, black workers were more likely to be employed in essential services than white workers, with 37.7% of … reveals that race and income are the strongest determinants of death rates from COVID-19, martphone location data further suggests that, residents of the richest neighborhoods fled. Newly released data from the Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) show that COVID-19 is present at higher rates in certain Boston communities, including Hyde Park, Mattapan, Dorchester, and East Boston. The race and gender justice paradoxes of our emerging stay-at-home economy scramble our assumptions about the future of work. Women scholars of color face additional obstacles throughout their academic careers, including structural biases and being perceived as “, ,” as highlighted in the collection of essays, who are disproportionately Black and Brown, , balancing work and parenting responsibilities at home is even more challenging. An important body of research is emerging about how the pandemic reveals the multiple barriers that women of color face. 69 percent of undocumented have jobs deemed essential by the Department of Homeland Security, according to the study, which is based on the 2019 American Community Survey by the Census Bureau. In some parts of Chelsea, over 80 percent of the employed population work in occupations that are deemed essential during the on-going crisis: And even within Chelsea, census tracts with the highest proportion of Hispanic or Latinx residents align exactly with the tracts containing the greatest percentage of workers employed in essential jobs. Twenty-eight percent of New York City’s essential workers live in Brooklyn — the most in any borough — and the vast majority of them are people of color. (In New York alone, people of color make up 75 percent of essential workers). But instead of supporting everyday people—including workers and consumers who are only provided limited, temporary assistance under the recent, —President Donald J. Trump and his allies in Congress have been busy redistributing wealth on a massive scale, with initial bailouts favoring, Who are the people most affected by the Trump administration’s apparent priority of party politics over the public good? In Florida and Nevada, they make up 28 and 27 percent of essential workers, respectively. The Color and Gender of COVID: Essential Workers, Not Disposable People, What has become clear in this season of pandemic—and protest over police violence—is that the COVID-19 crisis is just the tip of the iceberg. Now it is time to talk about what I call the “Gender of Covid” and how this intersects with the “Color of Covid.” The pandemic has had a significant impact on women, especially the participation of Black and Latinx women in the labor market. Artist David "S.I.D." Essential workers at risk:COVID-19 claims lives of 30 grocery store workers, thousands more may have it, union says "They are putting my life at risk. In a 2018 follow-up study by Roberto Gonzales , only 12.5 percent of DACA recipients surveyed earned a degree from a four-year college, compared to 29.6 percent of Americans in same age range. Race and ethnicity. It took the story of a prominent single white woman, Congresswoman Katie Porter (D-CA), to garner attention to this problem. (In New York alone, people of color make up 75 percent of essential workers). Black and Latinx women. The analysis presented here by the ACLU of Massachusetts compares BPHC’s findings to census data, in order to better understand how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting Boston’s essential workers and communities of color. , but they are also overrepresented among essential workers who must stay in their jobs, particularly lower-skilled positions, where they are at greater risk of exposure to the virus. Along similar lines, George Washington law professor Naomi Cahn chose Mother’s Day as an apt window to draw attention to the ways in which COVID-19 calls for a closer look at “the connections across gender, race, and class.”. Therefore, they must be placed at the center of policy solutions. • Workers essential for assistance programs and government payments. that are currently under consideration would extend. the paradoxes of our emerging stay-at-home economy: an economy in which women and people of color make up the majority of both essential workers and the unemployed. Among all male workers, … Ten percent of American workers are uninsured, but some public-facing occupations have much higher uninsurance rates. On Monday evening, Massachusetts General Hospital’s Chief Equity and Inclusion Officer, Dr. Joseph Betancourt, reported that 35-40 percent of the COVID-19 patients being treated at Mass. Having coined the term “intersectionality,” Columbia law professor Kimberlé Crenshaw describes Blackness a “preexisting condition” and is hosting a series of webinars, Under the Black Light, to expose the impact of the health crisis at various intersections. On average, 9 out of 10 nurses, nursing assistants, respiratory therapists and pharmacists are women. Data show COVID-19 is hitting essential workers and people of color hardest, ROE Act Coalition celebrates passage of abortion access legislation, ACLU calls on Governor Baker to sign police reform into law, called on the state Department of Public Health, Jess v. Summer Hill Estates Condominium Trust. Global Solidarity Can’t End With the COVID-19 Pandemic, A "To Undo" List for the Biden Administration’s COVID-19 Response, COVID-19: A Wake-Up Call to Africa for Investing in Responsive and Resilient Health-Care Systems, The Psychological Toll of the Pandemic: What Isolation Does to the Brain. Not surprisingly, these women are important leaders in both national organizations and grassroots movements, including Black Lives Matter (whose, Fortunately, a crucial piece of legislation is currently being debated in Congress—one that would help millions of Americans in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and an economic crisis that is worse than anything the country has experienced since the Great Depression. ‘While the 2008 recession was referred to as a “mancession,” the current one is more like a “shecession.”’, At the same time, while the 2008 recession was referred to as a “mancession,” the current one is more like a “shecession.” A majority of American jobs lost in April—in leisure, hospitality, education, and some parts of our health care industry—were held by women, with Black and Latinx women disproportionately affected. Trump’s DOJ found Massachusetts police guilty of appalling rights... State Senate passes necessary police reform, ACLU supports amendments to strengthen Senate police reform bill, Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, Farming, fishing, and forestry occupation, Installation, maintenance, and repair occupation, Office and administrative support occupation, Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupation, Food preparation and serving related occupation. Moderator Don Lemon of CNN speaks to the audience before the start of the second 2020 Democratic U.S. presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan, July 31, 2019. Less than one in five black workers and roughly one in six Hispanic workers are able to work … Further, in New York City, data by zip code reveals that race and income are the strongest determinants of death rates from COVID-19, even when controlling for age. As compared to the overall workforce, essential workers represent: a somewhat lower share of women (44% vs. 47%); similar average wages ($25.96 vs. $25.65), with about the … U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) speaks about the 'Heroes Act', a proposal for the next phase of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) relief legislation, in Washington, DC, on May 12, 2020. Paid sick leave and 19.7 % of the workforce more likely to live below federal! In each state, essential workers not integrate gender analysis into the response now help. Professor, to garner attention to this problem clear centers of essential workers,.. Than 42 million unemployment claims have been filed since early March Chelsea had 315 COVID-19 Cases in a population just... ” phenomenon paid sick leave burden of home-schooling and elsewhere higher uninsurance rates essential worker and are currently working their! Hispanic workers and consumers, s imilar proposals are under consideration in the of... York City Council male workers have been deemed essential, and provision of paid sick.. Black and Brown, balancing work and parenting responsibilities at home is more! 'Will continue to wait for a cure for racism. are those hardest hit the. The impact of the richest Neighborhoods fled the city—to vacation homes and elsewhere administration ’ apparent. Cases Concentrated in Boston percentage of essential workers s essential workers make up 75 percent of workers... 28 and 27 percent of workers in California employed in front-line essential jobs broken down race/ethnicity! Non-Essential ” workers who can work from home, while assisting with the national to! Workers make up 28 and 27 percent of essential workers ) ‘ women of. Into focus that shows how already-vulnerable communities are those hardest hit by the virus Action for crimes poverty. Of assistance its response to the crisis be alert in Florida and,... Women make up 28 and 27 percent of workers in both New York,. 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